Evidence Based PracticesGlossary of Terms
Evidence-based practices are defined as program, practices, and policies supported by theory and considered effective based on rigorous testing and scientific evaluation. The overall goal of evidenced-based correctional practices is to hold offenders accountable while reducing recidivism.
There are eight guiding-principles of evidence-based practices currently in use by the South Carolina Department of Probation, Parole and Pardon Services. Those principles include the following:
- The use of a scientific assessment tool to determine the likelihood an offender will reoffend; and the degree in which certain criminogenic factors linked to criminal behavior are present. Those factors include criminal history, family issues, substance abuse, education and employment.
- Targeting interventions based on the risk-needs-and responsivity principle. The RNR principle is founded on philosophies which suggest supervision priority should be given higher risk offenders, the focus should be on factors linked to criminal behavior that can be changed and most importantly, referrals should be responsive to individual needs. These needs include learning style, gender, motivation, temperament and culture.
- The measurement of relevant processes and practices while providing feedback where appropriate is very important. The Department has implemented a several tools to evaluate key performance measures related to the implementation efforts of the Omnibus Crime Reduction and Sentencing Reform Act of 2010. These assessment tools include a comprehensive evaluation plan including each of the programs and practices implemented as a result of the SRA; and the Data Analyses to Reduce Recidivism (DARR) program. The DARR program consists of two components: monthly DARR statistical reports and quarterly Agent-In-Charge meetings. The primary objectives of DARR include analyzing and adjusting Department processes to influence a reduction in compliance revocations and new offense revocations, and utilizing our interdepartmental network to maximize implementation of effective solutions and evidence-based strategies.
In order to achieve its mission to Prepare, Provide and Protect, the South Carolina Department of Probation, Parole and Pardon Services recognizes the use of evidence-based practices as key factor in the establishment of safer communities by facilitating positive behavioral change in the offenders under supervision in the community.